Measles Virus by A/Prof David S. Goodsell, RCSB Protein Data Bank; SARS-CoV-2 virus by Ms Alissa Eckert Dan Higgins, MAM/CDC / Science Source; Rhinocladiella mackenziei by Dr Shawn Vasoo, NCID; Plasmodium falciparum by A/Prof Yeo Tsin Wen, LKCM.
HPV stands for Human Papilloma Virus, which is sexually transmitted through intimate skin-to-skin contact. and can infect genital areas of both men and women. There are more than 40 strains of HPV.
HPV is the main cause of cervical cancer in women, as well as anal cancer in men. HPV can also cause genital warts. HPV infection is common, and persons with multiple sexual partners are at higher risk of infection.
Men can take HPV vaccine to reduce the risk of infection, and the risk of genital warts and anal cancer. There may also be benefit for female partners because the risk of women developing cervical cancer is higher if her partner has HPV infection.
HPV vaccine is most effective prior to infection, which usually occurs through sexual activity. However, if you have had sex before, you may not be infected with HPV and might still benefit from HPV vaccine in preventing future infection. HPV vaccine is licensed for individuals up to 9-26 years of age, based on research trials.
HPV vaccines will not treat or get rid of existing HPV infections. The current HPV vaccine protects against 2 cancer-causing strains that cause about 70% of cervical cancer cases. So even after being vaccinated, you still need to get routine gynaecological exams and Pap smears.
With effect from 1 November 2010, girls and young women from 9-26 years of age can use up to $500 per year for the HPV vaccination (Gardasil 4) from their own or their parents’ Medisave accounts.
Please ask your doctor about the HPV vaccine.
Gardasil 4 & Gardasil 9 vaccines are available in Travellers’ Health & Vaccination Clinic, Tan Tock Seng Hospital
Prepared by Nurse Manager Teng Wei Peng
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