NCID is unique in housing clinical services, public health, research, training and education and community engagement integrated under one over-arching structure. Taking over the functions of the Communicable Disease Centre, the other functional units of NCID include the Infectious Disease Research and Training Office, the
National Public Health and Epidemiology Unit, the
National Public Health Laboratory, the National HIV Programme, the National TB Programme, the
Antimicrobial Resistance Coordinating Office, and the Infection Prevention, Control and Outreach Office of NCID.